This paper argues that justice is the primary demand unifying the ongoing Arab uprisings, and that justice represents the locus of all the other demands of the popular uprisings. The author also claims that “justice” is the common thread among all the major thinkers and politicians in the contemporary Arab-Muslim world who have stressed that justice is the main difference between the progress of the West and the decline of the Arabs. As a basis for its argument, the paper compares the Arab uprisings to revolutions that toppled Communist and military regimes in other countries, focusing on the differences between the two, especially the Arab popular movements, which exhibited a theoretical spontaneity, an absence of a leadership, and a multitude of chants. Finally, this study recounts the failures of post-independence Arab states, which were eventually revealed as a mere rule of despotism, and that the Arab state had combined the worst of two legacies: the legacy of the colonial state (a veneer of modernity) and the pre-colonial state (traditional relations and modes of thought). The paper ends by questioning the Arab uprisings’ ability to constitute a veritable moment of rupture that would signal a decisive shift and an in-depth transformation capable of engendering a second Arab Nahda (Renaissance), a path that requires the guidance of rational thought, which is the only solution to the rampant disease of “spontaneity”.