In this study, the concept of evil is addressed from a philosophical perspective. Despite the numerous references and varied interpretations of this concept, the ultimate goal here is to focus on what is human, or build an anthropological reading of humans from the perspective of action, freedom and responsibility. Human beings are sinful, fragile, fallible and commit evil out of their free will or their misuse of freedom. Evil thus determines the nature of their existence in the world and their relationship to others. In addition, a discourse about evil implies a call for good, dissemination of peace, tolerance, acknowledgement of pluralism, and renunciation of violence and terrorism.