The aim of this research is to define an ethical perspective on health in order to arrive at ethical sources from which the human condition springs, a place in which the true moral status and original sense of what in our health must be preserved both disappear. This activates philosophical questions concerning what is exchanged in terms of the ethical point of view in analysis of the phenomenon of disease. We can define two basic conceptions of the concept of health according to where health is based in its conceptual model of existence: health in ontological perception, that is, revealing the ontological experience of a patient's life; and health functionally visualized, that is, inferring health through its vital goals. The ethical problem associated with public health is the type of intervention carried out by these tasks (Surveillance, Protection, Prevention, and Promotion) within what are seen to be human rights boundaries, also related to the extent of humanizing the doctor – patient dialogue and ethical medical listening. We conclude that contemporary health is chronic health, namely health resulting from the application of a therapeutic model for health and medicalizing life.