Movement on the scene of the Syrian novel reached a peak over the last two decades. There were many new names and there was much shifting to novels in new genres. If this scene is marked by linguistic and artistic simplification, it excites renewed critical examination, including of new voices, and artistic expressions, and prominent philosophical and intellectual visions and positions, and other aspects dealt with in this study. The author delves into what he calls “fictive social biography” which the study sees as revolving around sectarianism and dictatorship. (The aesthetics of this biography are seen as revolving around textual biography and novelistic biography, the ties between the novel and the arts, a strategy of non-specificity, and the influence of the narrative tradition on the novel). It concludes that the Syrian novel has been obsessed by a rupture pulsing with an alternative dream: the dream of freedom and dignity.